Begusarai is the administrative headquarters of Begusarai district, which is one of the thirty-eight districts of the Indian state of Bihar. The district lies on the northern bank of river Ganga in Mithila region of Bihar. It is part of the Munger division.
Begusarai is the birthplace of famous Hindi poet Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh and eminent historian Professor Ram Saran Sharma. Begusarai had traditionally been a communist stronghold and was earlier also referred to as the Leningrad of Bihar,
The name of the district apparently comes from “Begum” (queen) and “Sarai” (inn). The Begum of Bhagalpur used to visit “Simaria Ghat” (holy place on the banks of the Ganges) for a month of pilgrimage, which later took to the slang of Begusarai. Begusarai was established in 1870 as a subdivision of Munger District. In 1972, it was given district status after a strong pressure on the government by Late Rai Saheb Bhubneshwari Sahai, a charismatic leader of the local community who was also the first person in the district to be awarded the prestigious title of Rai Saheb under the British Raj. It majorly depends on agriculture now, but also has industries for energy production, refinery and fertilizers. It was the centre of Indigo production and marketing under British Rule.
Begusarai is located at 25.42°N 86.13°E. It has an average elevation of 41 metres (134 feet). It has an area of 1879 square.
Begusarai lies in North Bihar and is surrounded by Khagaria in North-East, Munger in South-East, Patna in West and Samastipur in North-West.
Begusarai lies in the middle of the mid Ganga plain and generally has low lying terrain with South to South Easterly slope. Begusarai is basically divided in three flood plains namely :1) Ganga Flood Plain 2) Burhi Gandak Flood plain 3) Kareha-Bagmati Flood Plain.
Flora and fauna
In 1989 Begusarai district became home to the Kanwar jheel Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 63 km.
As per 2011 census Begusarai Municipal Corporation had a total population of 251,136, out of which 133,931 were males and 117,205 were females. It had a sex ratio of 875. The population below 5 years was 37,966. The literacy rate of the 7+ population was 69.35 per cent.
- Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, poet, freedom fighter, essayist.
- Ram Sharan Sharma, historian
- Balmiki Prasad Singh, writer,former IAS officer,former Governor of Sikkim
- Sriti Jha, actress
- Kranti Prakash Jha, actor and model
- Bhola Singh, politician
- Kanhaiya Kumar, Politician
Kabar Lake or Kabar Taal or Kanwar Taal at Begusarai is a ” dream spot”. It is Asia’s largest freshwater oxbow lake. It is approximately three times the size of the Bharatpur Sanctuary.
Ornithologist Salim Ali, mentioned about 60 migratory birds that come all the way from Central Asia in winter and recorded around 106 species of resident birds.
Rajendra Setu (also known as Rajendra Pul and Mokama Bridge) across the Ganges was the first bridge to link North Bihar and South Bihar.The road-cum-rail bridge near Mokama in Patna district was inaugurated by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, President of India. It is about 2 kilometres long and carries a two lane road and a double line railway track.It was opened in 1959.
Barauni Refinery was built in collaboration with Russia and Romania. Situated 125 kilometeres from Patna, it was built with an initial cost of Rs 49.40 crore. Barauni Refinery was commissioned in 1964.
Ancient Temple belonging to Pala dynasty period, sacred place of surrounding villages, archeological findings suggest was fortified place surrounded by moat -Raman.
The Naulakha Temple is located in the Begusarai area of Bishanpur. It was erected in 1953 by the saint Mahavir Das. This old-aged Temple is decorated with outstanding works of art and carving on its walls. The word “Naulakha” means “Nine Lakhs” in English. This is the excessive cost of construction of the Temple
Established in the year 1981, this government museum houses physical evidences that witnessed the rich cultural history of Begusarai.
Ajatshatru fort is a major tourist attraction in suburb Begusarai. It was built in the 6th century by the king of Magadha, Ajatshatru. The son of King Bimbisar and Queen Chelna, he was known as the most feared and powerful king to ever rule over Magadha.
How To Reach
Begusarai is easily approachable with important road, rail, and ferry connections.
Nearest Railway Station: Begusarai Station
Nearest Airport: Patna Airport (Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport)
Begusarai Facts & Information
Temperature (deg C)
Summer – Max, Min
Winter – Max , Min
October to February
1,918 sq. Kilometers
Begusarai, Teghra, Balia, Majhaul
Wheat, Rice, Maize, Gram,Potato, Sugarcane,
Fertilizer factory, Therma power station, Petro-Chemicals at Barauni
Angika, Hindi, English
Tourist Information Centre Government of Bihar