52 कोठरी 53 द्वार / भरतखंड का पक्का, भरतखंड, खगडिय़ा (52 Kothi 53 Dwar/ Bharatkhand Ka Pakka, Bharatkhand, Khagaria) – Bhagalpur

Introduction & History

The historical palace built by the Mughal era Babu Bairam Singh, situated on the banks of the Ganges on the Khagadia-Bhagalpur border, is still a center of attraction. This 52 closet is known as 53 gates.

52 Kothi 53 Dwar / Bharatkhand Ka Pakka, Bharatkhand, Khagaria, Bhagalpur

In the 18th century, Raja Babu Bairam Singh of the Solanki dynasty had built 52 closets, 53 gates at the hands of the Mughal artisan Bakast Mia. Various types of bricks have been used in the palace ranging from match-sized bricks to two feet. People also address the said palace by the name of Baawan Kothli, Tirpan Dwar, in colloquial people also call it the pakka of Bharatkhand, A miraculous pavilion and tunnel were built in the courtyard of this beautiful palace. This palace is famous for the use of 52 types of bricks, Mughal carvings and paintings. Tourists, historians and researchers come from far and wide to see it. Seeing the grandeur, texture and strength of the palace, people are not able to remain un-impressed. people from all over the country and abroad used to come to see it. At that time people knew it as Vatkhand, not Bharatkhand.


52 Kothi 53 Dwar / Bharatkhand Ka Pakka, Bharatkhand, Khagaria, Bhagalpur

It is said that at that time, if someone entered the palace due to mistake, it was not easy to get out. In the structure of the palace, all the gates are decorated in different ways on the wall are still alive today. Despite being such an old palace, people still come to see the carvings on the wall by the artisans.

It is said that once this palace was compared to Hawa Mahal of Jaipur.

The temperature inside the palace was limited to 10-22 degree centigrade. Barkat Khan alias Bakast Mian, the artisan who built the fort of Munger, had built this ’52 closet 53 gate’. Different door-shaped bricks, window-shaped bricks, and different bricks according to the roundness of the wall were used. Being situated on the banks of Ganga and Budhi Gandak, it had its own identity.

The Babu Bairam Singh palace, built in the Mughal era, located in Bharatkhand village, about 20-22 km from the Gogri subdivision headquarters, is turning into ruins.


52 Kothi 53 Dwar / Bharatkhand Ka Pakka, Bharatkhand, Khagaria, Bhagalpur

The palace of Raja Babu Bairam Singh is situated on the land of five bighas, five katthas, five dhurs and five dhurkis. The palace had 52 kathali (rooms) and 53 gates. That is why people also know it as Bawan Kothli Tirpan Dwar. In the construction of the palace, 51 types of bricks ranging from match size to one and two feet have been used. The pavilion built in the middle of the palace had its own specialty. On clapping on its four corners, four types of sound could be heard. The carvings have been carved on the pavilion, which is still very pleasing to the eyes.

There is a tunnel in the palace. This is for the exit from the palace to the Shiva temple and the pond. Its remains are still in the palace and temple. If you look at the history of Bharatkhand


52 Kothi 53 Dwar / Bharatkhand Ka Pakka, Bharatkhand, Khagaria, Bhagalpur

The palace was built by the then Raja Babu Bairam Singh about three hundred years before the Mughal period. The palace has been built with ash, lime and surkhi. According to the local people, in the past there was a stone plaque at the entrance of the palace. In which the date of manufacture was mentioned.

The palace was built under the supervision of architect Bakrati Khan. The fort of Munger and the mosque of Gogri and the grand well at Nagarpara of Narayanpur Bhagalpur were also constructed under the supervision of Bakrati Khan. According to legend, after the construction of the palace, children continued to die in the family of the said king. Saddened by this, the king left the palace. He made Birbanna of Bhagalpur, Narayanpur his state. After the palace was unclaimed, thieves entered the palace to steal. They got stuck in the palace. Since then this palace is also called Bhool Bhulaiya.


52 Kothi 53 Dwar / Bharatkhand Ka Pakka, Bharatkhand, Khagaria, Bhagalpur

According to experts, different types of bewitching sounds were heard when the four pillars of the miraculous pavilion built in the courtyard of the historical building of Bharatkhand were hit. Not only this, Rani Sahiva of Raja Babu Bairam Singh used to go daily to bathe in the Ganges through the tunnel made by the artisans.

The enthusiasm with which it was built but it could not be used as much. It was told that Bairam Singh left the family palace within 30 years due to fear of an unknown soul. Whereas the village elders say that the king left this palace because he did not have a son.

In the period of 1750-60, Bairam Singh had built this magnificent palace with permission from the Nawab of Bengal. He said that Babu Bairam Singh of Solanki dynasty was followed by Babu Ganesh Singh (Veerbanna) and Babu Digvijay Singh. Today its descendants Babu Rajendra Prasad Singh alias Heera Babu has sons Jitendra Kumar Singh alias Panna Babu and Ganesh Babu.


52 Kothi 53 Dwar / Bharatkhand Ka Pakka, Bharatkhand, Khagaria, Bhagalpur

Here, in Nagarpara village a huge well was constructed by the artisans. This well also had a different reputation. On the other hand, the structure of the fort of Munger, the construction of a defensive main gate and the view of the flow of the Ganges river around the fort are still the center of attraction.

Like Yayavar, Buddhist monks used to come here to awaken cultural consciousness. For many months, he used to do penance and rest here. Villagers say that in the year 1932, two monks from Thailand had come who brought copper leaf in Pali language with them.

Knowing this form of Buddhism, a decoration was added to the glory of this fort. Like the multi-faceted expansion of Amrapali increased the glory of Lichchavi and Vaishali.


Bharatkhand Halt, Khagaria

How to Reach


Nearest station is Bharat Khand Halt. But this is a small station.
Pasraha and Mahesh Khunt stations are also near it.
The biggest station of the district headquarter is Khagaria Junction. Where all the directions have train stop. Bharatkhand is 38 km east from here.
Mansi Junction is the second big station here.


Bharat Khand Fort is situated in Bharat Khand village, situated on the border of Khagaria and Bhagalpur districts. It is 6 KM from Pasaraha, 19 KM from Mahesh Khunt and 29 KM from Mansi. Apart from this the Bharat section is directly connected to National Highway No. 31 (Assam Road).


The nearest airport is Deoghar airport