उधवा गांव एवं उधवा नाला, राजमहल, साहिबगंज (Udhwa/Udhwa Nala/Udhwa Canal) – Rajmahal

Udhwa (also spelled Udhua) is a village in the Uddhwa CD block in the Rajmahal subdivision of the Sahibganj district in the Indian state of Jharkhand.

Udhwa is named after saint Uddhava of Mahabharat times, a friend of God Krishna and philosopher of Sankhya Yoga (Samkhya). It is believed that Udhwa was the place of Saint Uddhava.

Udhwa Nala, Sahibganj

Nawab Itimad-ud-Daula Mir Qasim was put on the throne of Murshidabad by East India Company, replacing his father-in-law Mir Jafer, on 20th October 1760. Mir Qasim soon began to show a will of his own and to cherish dreams of independence. He eventually shifted his capital from Murshidabad to Munger in Bihar where he raised an independent army.

Battle of Udhwa NalaThe Battle of Udhwa nala between Mir Qasim, and the British (1763) was centered here. On 5th September 1763 Mir Qasim fought the …

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राजमहल की चीनी मिट्टी की खानें (China Clay Mines) – Rajmahal

China Clay Mines, Rajmahal

Rajmahal Hills has very high quality china clay materials. There are several mines established in this area.

China clay is used in the manufacture of ceramic and pottery; the white variety is used in glazing. Silica sand is used in the iron and steel and glass sectors as it provides SiO2 for glass formulation.

China Clay Mines, Rajmahal

Due to the mining of china clay over the years there have formed beautiful & scenic lakes, which is of tourists' attraction.

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टकसाल, राजमहल (Taksal : Mint Factory) – Rajmahal

Ruins of Taksal, Rajmahal

Taksal or the coin factory set up by the East India Company is in a shambles.

Silver One Rupee Coin of Shah Shuja of Akbarnagar Mint, Rajmahal Silver One Rupee Coin of Shah Shuja of Akbarnagar Mint, Rajmahal

Shah Shuja, Akbarnagar Mint, Silver Rupee, 

Obv: kalima shahada in square, four khalifas name in margins, 

Rev: muhammad shah shuja on top & badshah ghazi at bottom in square & abul zafar nasr ud din muhammad saheb-e- qiran sani in margins, 

11.3g, 20.58mm, (KM # 277.1), about fine, Very Rare.

The entire period from AH 1068 - AH 1070 where we find the coins of Shah Shuja, Murad Baksh, Aurangzeb of the same dates is very interesting. Till date it is not confirmed that for how long the Shah Shuja has ruled as a Mughal Ruler because the coins have appeared with the single date. On appointment Shah Shuja posted to  Jahangirnagar (Dhaka), the capital of Bengal during his pr…

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मां पगली दुर्गा मंदिर, राजमहल (Ma Pagli Durga Temple) – Rajmahal

शहर से करीब चार किलोमीटर दूर गुनिहारी पंचायत के गदागंज (मंडई) स्थित पगली दुर्गा मां का मंदिर भक्तों के लिए आस्था का केंद्र है। मंदिर का इतिहास करीब 260 साल पुराना है।

Ma Pagli Durga Temple - Mandai, Rajmahal

उस समय इस गांव की आबादी काफी घनी थी । यह मंडी के नाम से जाना जाता था। एक बार ऐसा हुआ कि गांव में लोग अचानक घातक बीमारी की चपेट में आने लगे । एक के बाद एक कई लोगों की मौत होने लगी। लोग गांव छोड़ने का मन बना चुके थे। हालांकि अचानक रात में गांव के ही एक व्यक्ति को मां ने सपने में कहा कि उक्त स्थान पर मेरी पूजा के लिए बेदी बनाओ और हमारी पूजा धूमधाम से करो । तभी तुम लोगों की बीमारी दूर होगी। दूसरे दिन उस व्यक्ति ने गांव के लोगों को इस संबंध में बताया । ग्रामीणों ने मिलकर मां की बेदी बनाकर पूजा अर्चना शुरू की । इससे बीमारी से ग्रामीणों को छुटकारा मिलने लगा। तब से अब तक मां की अनावृत पूजा की जाती है।

Pagli Durga Temple, Mandai, Rajmahal

दुर्गा पूजा के नवमी तिथि पर पड़ती है सैकड़ों बली: दुर्गा पूजा की नवमी तिथि पर प्रत्येक वर…

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राजमहल रेलवे स्टेशन (Rajmahal Railway Station)

Rajmahal Railway Station

The heritage station building of Rajmahal, the oldest station of the Malda Division of Eastern Railways, which was also once the capital of Bengal during the Mughal period, the Rajmahal Railway Station is the second oldest station in India. The Rajmahal to Bardwan (West Bengal) rail track was one of the first few railway lines to be built. The first railway line from Howrah towards Delhi was routed through Rajmahal: the East Indian Railway line was completed in October 1859, which is the third oldest Rail link of Indian Railways. The first train in this section from Howrah to Rajmahal had started on 4 July 1860.

Railway Line in Rajmahal


It was expected that rail connectivity between Calcutta and Rajmahal would avoid the five hundred and twenty eight miles of a long circuitous route of “rapid and ever tortuous Bhaugerrutte, long labyrinth of Soonderbunds, which would be navigable only eight m…

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काठघर, राजमहल (Kathghar): The Village of Stone Cereals – Rajmahal

Kathghar, probably the only place on the face of earth where you can get ‘stone cereals’ – pebbles that resemble different varieties of rice, pulses and seeds.

The Geological Survey of India had done a study on these stone cereals in the late 80s and they came to the conclusion that these are basically undigested silica particles that were trapped inside the basalt rocks found in abundance in that area. Over a period of time, the rocks weathered and silica particles of different shapes, sizes and colors came out in the open. It is very likely that in the ancient times there was a stream or a river nearby that deposited the ‘stone cereals’ at Kathghar.

Stone Cereals (Grain Fossils) at Kathghar, Rajmahal

veteran geologist A K Sahni contested Singh’s claim.

“My first impression is that these are silica, spindle-shaped objects that congealed during an eruptive phase of the volcanic activity that occurred around Rajmahal about 100…

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नील कोठी, राजमहल (Neel Kothi) – Rajmahal

Neel-kothi is a historical place and it is located at the heart of the city of Rajmahal. It was built by Englishman on 24 September 1796 to process and storage of Neel (Indigo) used for dying cotton cloth;

During British time, Rajmahal became part of the British program for an indigo cultivation. Those indigo fields are probably being used for growing rice, dals, other cereals and even mustard.  

Neel Kothi, Rajmahal

Nil Kothi is situated at the banks of Ganga around 1 kms from the railway station in 'Kasimbazar' area. Unfortunately this place is acquired by a local person, so we cannot go inside of this warehouse but still we can go and visit the place and surroundings.

The structure has big wooden gates. There are few places in the building where the similar kind of gates are carved and painted on the wall (they are not actual wooden gates). This probably tells about the place that the warehouse was feared to be att…

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मैना बीबी का मकबरा, राजमहल (Tomb of Maina Bibi) – Rajmahal

Maina Bibi’s grave in the centre of the town has a far more elaborate tomb, compare to other tombs in Rajmahal, dating back to 1779.

Historian H.M Qureshi has identified the tomb with Munni Begum, who was a Begum of the harem of Nawab Mir Jaffer of Bengal. It is in a state of decay.

Tomb of Maina Bibi, Rajmahal

INTACH’s conservation initiatives in Jharkhand helped in the analysis of threats to built heritage in the area.

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शाह शुजा का महल, राजमहल (Palace of Shah Suja) – Rajmahal

The Palace of Shah Suja, who was the son of Mughal Emperor Shah Jehan, is located in Rajmahal and most of its structure is in the form of ruins only. Singhi Dalan, which offers the most spectacular view of the Ganges, continues to be the most important structure in Rajmahal and the only well maintained part of Shah Shuja’s palace complex.

In the palace ruins we can still see three large rooms that are open on all sides, which give us an idea of the past grandeur of the palace.

Singhi Dalan, the remaining portion of Shah Suja's Palace, Rajmahal

The central chamber is the most interesting and has black marble arches that are supported on 12-sided pillars and covered with a vaulted roof.

Adjacent to the Sangi Dalan, is the Rajmahal police station built on top of a large hall, which has a very interesting history. It is said that mounted horsemen hid in this hall and when given a  signal, would race through its arched halls and rooms to …

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राजमहल एवं साहिबगंज के कुछ और ऐतिहासिक अवशेष (Tombs of Miran, Other Tombs, Mosques & Other Remains) – Rajmahal & Sahibganj

A roadside grave is said to be that of Miran, the son of the erstwhile Nawab of Bengal, Mir Jaffar, who plotted against Siraj-ud-daulah. Its simplicity is unusual in that era of large elaborate tombs and mausoleums. This tomb is situated in Mahajantoli of Rajmahal with pin code 816109. This Tomb is on the verge of extinction with encroachment being the major problem.

Another important tomb is a few kilometers away in Begampur.  In need of restoration like so many of the other structures in the area, this 17th century tomb is said to be the first octagonal tomb in Bengal.

Also worth seeing in Begumpur, is the Sirsi mosque and Shah Shuja’s pleasure retreat.

Beyond the western wall of the Jami Mosque is a small temple and a well. 

Half a kilometer from Jami Masjid, near the Akbari Mosque, there is an old ruined hammam, said to have been part of Raja Man Singh’s Palace.

A fine octagonal 17th cent…

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राजमहल की पहाड़ियां, साहिबगंज (Rajmahal Hills) – Sahibganj

The Rajmahal Hills are located in the Santhal Pargana division of Jharkhand, India. They were located on the northern margin of the Gondwana supercontinent, and its hills are today inhabited by the Sauria Paharia people whilst its valleys are dominated by the Santhal people. The hills span over an area of 2,600 km2 (1,000 sq mi).

Volcanic activity during the Jurassic resulted in the formation of the Rajmahal Traps. The hills are approximately located at 25°N 87°ECoordinates: 25°N 87°E.

The Rajmahal hills are named after the town of Rajmahal which lies in the eastern Jharkhand. The hills trend north-south with an average elevation of 200–300 m (660–980 ft), from the Sahibganj district to the Dumka district. The River Ganges wanders around the hills changing the direction of flow from east to south.

Francis Buchanan-Hamilton travelled through the Rajmahal hills in the early 19th century. He described the hills that seemed impenetrable …

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कन्हैया स्थान, राजमहल (Kanhaiya Asthan) – Rajmahal

Kanhaiya Sthan (Iskcon Temple), Rajmahal

साहिबगंज जिला मुख्यालय से 26 किलोमीटर दूर गंगा के तट पर स्थित कन्हैयास्थान का नाम देश ही नहीं विदेशों तक है। कृष्णभक्त इसे भगवान श्रीकृष्ण की लीला स्थली मानते हैं। कहा जाता है कि प्राचीनकाल में यहां भगवान श्रीकृष्ण ने वैष्णव धर्म के प्रचारक श्रीचैतन्य महाप्रभु को बाल रूप का दर्शन दिए थे। हिंदू धर्म ग्रंथ श्रीचैतन्य चरितामृत के अनुसार 1505 इस्वी में श्रीचैतन्य महाप्रभु बिहार के गया से अपने घर नवदीप लौटने के क्रम में यहां रुके थे। गया वे अपने माता पिता के पिडदान के लिए गए थे। प्रेम विलास नामक पुस्तक के अनुसार 1505 ईसवी में यहां भव्य मंदिर था जिसमें राधा-कृष्ण की प्रतिमा स्थापित थी। उसी मंदिर में श्रीचैतन्य महाप्रभु को मोर मुकुट धारण किए भगवान श्री कृष्ण ने अपने बाल रूप का दर्शन दिया। श्रीकृष्ण के बाल रूप को देख श्रीचैतन्य महाप्रभु भावविभोर हो गए और उनसे भावविह्वल होकर आलिगनबद्ध हो गए। कहा जाता है कि इससे पूर्व द्वापर युग में भी श्रीकृष्ण एक बार यहां आए थे। ग्रंथों के अनुसार एक बार भगवान श्रीकृष्ण गोपियों के साथ महारास कर रहे थे। इस …

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अकबरी मस्जिद, राजमहल (Akbari Masjid) – Rajmahal

Quite close to the Sanghi Dalan is the Akbari Mosque, built in 1556, it is one of the oldest mosque of India built during Akbar period. It is believed that first namaz was offered here by Great Mughal Emperor Akbar himself. It is a well maintained mosque where many muslims come to offer namaz.

Akbari Masjid, Rajmahal

This mosque is completely made up of Bricks by using lime and surkhi. This huge mosque is a representation of Mughal era architecture and the impact of the Indian blend in Mughal art. Windows are said to have been added later to the mosque’s Mihrabs, to create a British dispensary inside the mosque. The dispensary operated till 1912, after which the mosque was restored to its original architectural shape.

The road from Rajmahal through Bhagalpur and Sahibgunj, runs westward from the Akbari mosque and offers many interesting places worth seeing.

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बारादरी के खंडहर, राजमहल (Ruins of Baradari/Baradwari/Nageswarbagh) – Rajmahal

Baradari (Lat. 250 04‘ 31’’ N., Long. - 870 46’ 47’’ E.) is situated in Rajmahal, about 35 km from the district headquarter of Sahebganj and about 430 km from Ranchi, the capital city of Jharkhand. Baradari is also known as Nageswarbagh.

Baradari =, Rajmahal

There is a dispute on the builders of this building. Some scholars attribute it to Fateh Jung Khan, rival of Raja Man Singh (1592 onwards), whereas another group of scholars attributes it to Mir Kasim Ali (prior to 1763 AD.), the Nawab of Bengal.

Ruins of Baradari, Rajmahal

Built on high ground the building consists of an immense wall of bricks of about 9 meter height on a platform measuring about 18.10 x 16.25 meter. Presently, the remains of the wall is measuring 5 meter in height. There is a gate at one corner of the enclosure with provision for the guard - rooms. A row of apartment’s runs through the inner walls, each consists of a small open court meant for women and their fema…

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जामी मस्ज़िद, राजमहल (Jami Mosque / Hadafe Mosque) – Rajmahal

Jami Masjid, Rajmahal

The Jami Mosque (Lat. 250 04‘ 29’’ N., Long. - 870 46’ 46’’ E.) is located at Mangalhat, 7 km from Rajmahal and about 32 km from the district headquarter Sahibganj and about 480 km from Ranchi, the capital city of Jharkhand. Jami Mosque was built in the last quarter of the 16th century AD by Raja Mansingh, the Governor of Emperor Akbar.

Jami Masjid, Rajmahal

It is situated on a high land known as “Hadaf" which is an Arabic term that means the target of Archery butts. Hadaf was part of Rajmahal township where the capital was shifted in 1592 AD from Gaur due to the change of course of the river Ganga and further the population being decimated by some epidemic in 1575 AD.

Jami Masjid, Rajmahal

The Mosque, locally called as Jami Masjid is consisted of a large prayer hall to the west, a spacious courtyard enclosed by a high compound wall with arched recesses on its inner-side, and it has three gateways on the north, south and …

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सिंघी दालान / राजा मान सिंह पैलेस, राजमहल (Singhi Dalan/Sangi Dalan/Hall of Stone/Raja Man Singh Palace) – Rajmahal

Singhi Dalan, Rajmahal

The Singhi Dalan or Hall of Stone, dates from the mid-17th century, and is one of the principal remaining sections of Sultan Shah Shuja's palace. Rajmahal, located along the right bank of the Ganges in Bihar, was chosen in 1592 as the capital of Bengal by Man Singh, a Rajput general who worked for Mughal Emperor Akbar (r.1556-1605).

Singhi Dalan, Rajmahal

Rajmahal remained the capital until 1607, when it was shifted to Dacca. Sultan Shuja, the governor of Bengal, moved the capital back to Rajmahal in 1639, though by 1707 it was shifted again, this time to Murshidabad.

Singhi Dalan, right in the midst of Rajmahal town, built during the Mughal era and carrying on its distinctive architectural heritage on its edifice, offers a magnificent view of the Ganges.

Ruins of Raja Man Singh Palace, Rajmahal

Neighbouring Singhi Dalan are Akbari Masque, built by Akbar himself and a place where Namaz is offered ti…

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राजमहल के पर्यटन स्थल, साहिबगंज (Tourist Places in Rajmahal) – Sahibganj

The Sangi DalanBuilt on river bank, is a part of the palace of shah shuja, son of Shah Jehan. was built in 1556 to enable emperor Akbar to pray.

Jami MasjidIt was built by Raja maan Singh in a combination of the Imperial and Bengal styles. There are number of other monuments in town.

Other tourist attractions

Teliagarhi Fort, It was built by family of Teli Zamindar before Islamic rule in the region. Teliagarhi is also called 'Ancient Gateway of Bengal'.The Jami Mosque, built in reign of Emperor Akbar at MangalhatBaradari, build by Fateh Jung khan, a wealthy zamindar of Bengal. Half of the structure was bombed by Mughal governor, Man Singh.Akbari Mosque built in 1556 by Mughal governor, Man Singh IPalace of Shah Shuja, consists Singhi Dalan, a marble pavilion facing the river GangesPalace of Mīr Qasīm, Nawab of Bengal.Tomb of Maina-Bibi, built in 1779. Historian H.M Qureshi has identi…

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उधवा झील पक्षी अभ्यारण्य, राजमहल, साहिबगंज (Udhwa Lake Bird Sanctuary) – Rajmahal, Sahibganj

Udhwa Bird Sanctuary, spreading in 5.65 square kilometers is the only bird sanctuary of Jharkhand state. This Sanctuary is famous as a stop point for a large number of migratory birds that come here in winters from several parts of the World, including Siberia and Europe, and that makes it a haven for the birdwatchers. The main birds include the pratincole, egret, wagtail, plover, lapwing, stork, ibis and heron.

Udhwa Lake Bird Sanctuary, Sahibganj

Udhuwa or Udhwa Lake is situated 11 kms southeast of Rajmahal in the Sahebganj district of Jharkhand state. This Bird Sanctuary is constituted by two water-bodies, namely Pataura (155 ha) and Berhale (410 ha). Pataura is a comparatively clean water body and the average depth is about 2 m whereas Berhale is a shallow one having average depth of about 70 cm. Berhale is largely choked with aquatic vegetation, with small pockets of clear water. Both these water bodies are inter-connected by a water channel and…

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राजमहल, साहिबगंज (Rajmahal/Akbarnagar) – Sahibganj

Rajmahal is small sub divisional town in the Sahebganj districtof Jharkhand. The Rajmahal hills, which are geographically significant because they are the north east boundary of Daccan Plateau, are named after this place. The Holy river Ganga passes by the town of Rajmahal. The place is more significant because it is this place where the river Ganga while meandering thru Rajmahal hills takes turn from eastward flow to southward and then it enters into West Bengal. 

Rajmahal is situated on the west bank of the Ganges and located in the hills known as daman-i-khoh during the Muslim rule. The hill runs north south for 193 km from Sahibganj of Santal Pargana to Rampurhat Railway Station of Dumka. 

Local people say that the shankh of King Bhagirath stopped second time here in this place which marks the start of old age (vridhhavastha) of Ganga. (Balyavastha at Gangotri, yuvavastha at Haridwar).

The earlier name of the place was Agmahl. Man Singh, on his return f…

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