श्रावणी मेला / कांवड़ यात्रा, सुलतानगंज-देवघर-दुमका (Shrawani Mela / Kanwar Yatra) – Sultanganj, Deoghar & Dumka

Each year, during the holy month of Shrawan during Monsoon, devotees in many states undertake Kanwar Yatra to collect water from the Ganga and other rivers and offer it at the temples of Lord Shiva in major pilgrim centers.

Group of Kanwarias in Deoghar

Baidyanath Nagri Deoghar is an important Hindu pilgrimage site.  It is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas and one of the 51 Shaktipeeths, and is famous for the fair of Shravan, the fourth month according to the Hindu calendar system.  It is one of the few places in India where Jyotirlinga and Shaktipeeth are situated next to each other.

Kanwarias on their way to Babadham

Shravani Mela starts in the month of July and ends in August.  The importance of Baba Dham increases in the month of Shravan.  During this, Lakhs of devotees come to Baba Baidyanath Dham for holy darshan. It is the longest religious fair in the world. In the month of Sawan in Baidyanath Nagri Deoghar, ther…

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रूद्र पाड़ा, सुल्तानगंज (Rudra Pada) – Sultanganj

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Top view of Rudra Pada Rock, Sultanganj (image source: http://silentpagesindia.blogspot.com/)

Just below the Murali hill, exists a neglected but massive rock boulder which has the potential of transforming the identity of the site for popular tourism. The reason for such potential is since among various sculpted panels on its face containing different images of Shiva and other deities, it has a unique sculpture, a representation of the foot prints of Shiva, which is probably not found elsewhere, with an inscription below, in boldly cut Gupta age (4th/5th Century AD) letters, which was also noted by Cunningham, who read it as 'Rudra Mahalaya' or ''Rudra-mahala' and thus called it as ‘Rudrapada’.

Foot prints of Shiva, Rudra Pada, Sultanganj (image source: http://silentpagesindia.blogspot.com/)

It seems that in the past, this particular rock boulder, which has a Shiva Linga sculpted o…

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अजगैबीनाथ मंदिर, सुलतानगंज (Ajgaivinath Temple) – Sultanganj

The origin of Ajgaivinath temple at Jahangira or Sultanganj is not exactly known. Some claim it to be a Swayambhu, on the rock, discovered and then given an abode. That this is a very ancient place of worship there can be no doubt. The temple is solidly built on the rock and has got a series of marvelous rock sculpture and some inscriptions. Some of the specimens of the rock panel sculpture at this temple can hold their own against any of the best known specimens anywhere in India.

Ajgaibinath Temple is a famous Lord Shiva temple situated in the streams of river Ganges. This is a holy place where Jahnu Sage lived and the river Ganges flows northward (Uttarvaahini Ganges) and it is considered to be very auspicious due to this reason.

Inscription probably in Pali script and the same language is also seen frequently on the stone slabs.

Baba Ajgaivinath Dham Mandir, Sultanganj

It is also…

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जहांगीरा, सुलतानगंज (Jahangira) – Sultanganj

During the course of exploration done by The department of Ancient Indian History and Archaeology, Patna University in year 1968-69, observed traces of a ancient mound about 8 km to the west of Sultanganj on the Sultanganj- Bhagalpur road. The ancient mound here is being eroded by the river Ganga.

Along the eroded bank, which is quite high at this place one can notice ring -well and remains of brick wall. The pottery recovered from the eroded bank included crude and fine varieties of black-and-red ware along with its associated types and the N.B.P. ware.

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मुरली पहाड़ एवं मस्ज़िद, सुलतानगंज (Murli Pahad & Masjid) – Sultanganj

This is another site at Sultanganj. A mosque called Jami Masjid, is situated at the top of the hill, with the platform supported by a retaining wall facing the river.

From its conspicuous position amidst Hindu ruins, it is supposed to represent the site of another ancient Hindu Temple or Buddhist Stupa, not clearly described by Cunningham, who assigned it to around 1500 AD from its Pathan style of architecture. 

Bloch, who referred to the mosque with “the curved Bengali battlement, the only instance of this style which I know of outside Bengal proper”, mentioned that underneath that mosque was once the site of “a large Buddhist stupa”, but, however, no grounds of such conclusion were documented. 

Remnants of tunnel and caves can be seen on both Ajgaivinath and the Murli Pahar hill where saints used to meditate . Stone statues and idols of Hindu and Jain gods are frequently seen on both the hills. 

A large number of…

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सुल्तानगंज (Sultanganj/Jahngira)

Sultanganj is a town in Bhagalpur district of Bihar, 109 km away from Babadham and has a railway station, of the same name on the loop-line of the Eastern Railway running from Calcutta to Kiul. It is situated close to the river Ganges.

An excellent all-weather road connecting Bhagalpur with Monghyr and Patna also serves it. It has a cosmopolitan population of about eleven thousand persons. It is a flourishing business place and there are a number of schools and colleges.


During the rule of the Mauryas, Guptas and Palas many works of art and architecture were raised at Sultanganj. The area has yielded ancient relics like stupas, seals, coins, terracotta and Hindu and Buddha images. Many carvings can still be seen in the Sultanganj hills. A number of small images along with a copper image of Lord Buddha about seven feet high were excavated here. A Buddha image found in Sultanganj is now in Birmingham Museum.

It is said that in ancient times Sult…

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सुल्तानगंज बुद्ध, सुलतानगंज(Sultanganj Buddha) – Sultanganj

The Sultanganj Buddha is 2.3m high and 1m at its widest point and weighs about 500kgs. It was cast by the technique known as the 'lost wax' process, in which a solid core of clay is overlaid with wax. The sculptor models the fine details in the wax coating. The wax is covered with a liquid layering of clay and plaster which hardens to form a mould. When heat is applied the wax melts and molten metal is poured in. The finished statue is finally obtained by removing the outer casting when cool. The Sultanganj Buddha conveys an image of calm and tranquillity and a spiritual detachment from the material orld . The Buddha's sangathi (monastic robe) clings so closely to the body that it is almost invisible, but for a series of string-like folds, giving the figure a wet-looking appearance. The right hand is raised in abhayamudra (a gesture of reassurance or protection) while the left hand, with palm outward and held downwards indicates the granting of a favor. The Sultanganj Buddha …
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