अंग लिपि (Anga Script)

Anga Lipi (अंगलिपि) is a historical writing system or script of the Anga region of India. Anga referred to a region in what is now Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal states of India, and Lipi meant script. Anga Script is mentioned in an ancient Sanskrit language Buddhist book “Lalitvistar” (ललितविस्तर), which says Anga Lipi was one of the most important scripts among 64 other scripts of that time. The script was specific to the Anga region, or Anga Mahajanapada, and was among those known to Buddha.The script was mentioned as the fourth most important script of Ancient India, and was used to write Anga Desh-Apbhramsa or Aangi, now Angika, around 600 BC. Some of the sixty four scripts mentioned in “Lalitvistar” were mythical, but some, including Dravid, Anga and Banga, were real. Characteristics & Comparison Anga Lipi and Banga Lipi might have been derived from Brahmic, with some regional characteristics. This supports the belief that the development of local characteristics in…
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अंग पर्यटन – एक सिंहावलोकन

Area/City/Town Tourist Places Banka Durian , Indrabaran , Jesth Gaur math , Papharni Tank , Rupsa Bhagalpur Patharghatta Hill , Shahkund , Sultanganj , Champanagar, Vikramshila Munger International Yoga University , Munger Fort , Tomb of Pir Shah Nufa , Palace of Shah Suja , Tomb of Mulla Muhammad Said ,Kashtaharni Ghat , Chandi Asthan , Rock carving , Kharagpur Lake , Rameshwar Kund , Pir Pahar , Sita-Kund , Shringhrishi ,Rishikund , Ha-Ha Punch Kumari , Uren ( Buddhist Ruins , Foot print mark and rock inscriptions , Stupa ruins near the footprint mark , The rock carvings near the Stupa site , Buddhist Monastery site at northeastern foot of the hill ), Rajaona ,Bhaduria-bhur , Bhimbandh , Malnipahar , Deoghara&nb…
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अंगिका – कवि और लेखक (Angika – Poets & Authors) – U-Z

List of Poets & Authors of Angika in alphabetical Order (U-Z) Uchitlal Singh Uday Prasad Tiwari Udaykant Singh Udaykant Thakur ‘Bihari’ Uma Pandey Umakant Singh Umanath Ojha Umanath Pathak Umesh Bharti Umesh Mohan Gupta Umeshji Upendra narayan Pandey Usha Swetakavri Kumari Uttam Kumar Singh Vachandeo Kumar Vagishwari Devi Vaikunth Vihari Vajit Lal Mishra Valmiki Vanchha Anjan Varidji Vasudev Sah Ved Prakash Bajpai Veena Rani Mishra Vibhash Chandra Jha Vidhushekhar Pandey Vidyabhushan Singh’Venu’ Vidyananda Kishore Vidyarani Vijay (Lalit Vijnaya) Vijay Kumar Singh Vijeta Mudgalpuri Vijyendra Vikash Pandey Vikash Prasad Singh’Gulti’ Vikram Kumar Rana Vanjara Vikrmaditya Vihangam Vilakshan Vibhuti Vilash Mandal Vimal Kumar Mishra Vimal Verma Vinay Prasad Gupta Vindvala Singh Vinod Kumar Jha Nirala Vipin Kumar Mishra Virendra Kumar Dikshit Vishnudeo Prasad Singh Shastri Vishuddhananda Vivekananda Jha Yadunandan Jha â…
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अंगिका – कवि और लेखक (Angika – Poets & Authors) – P-T

List of Poets & Authors of Angika in alphabetical Order (P-T) N.Jaysaval Pankaj Kumar Chudhary Paras Kunj Parikshit Premi Parshuram Jha ‘Prakhar’ Parsuram Thakur ‘Brahmavadi’ Pashupati Jha Patjhar Khairavadi Pavan Kumar Panjiyar Pavan Kumar(Babbu) Permanand Lal Permanand Pandey Permanand Premi Permanand Singh Phalguni Marik Kushwaha Phanibhusan Prasad Phool Kumar Akela Prabhakar Prabhat Prabhash Chandra Jha Prabhash Prasad Pathak Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar’Anandmurti’ Prabhat Sarsij Pradeep Prabhat Pradumn Narayan Singh Pradyot Kumar Choudhary Prakash Sen ‘Pritam’ Prakash Suryavanshi Prakashvati Narayan Pramila Bhaskar Jyoti Pramod Bharti Pramod Kumar Singh Pran Mohan Pran Prashun Latant Pratima Verma Prita Priyamvada Pritam Kumar Deep Pritam Vishwakarma Punam Mishra Pundrik Ratna Pushpa Sinha K.Neerad Pravesh Rachna Chittapriya Radha Krishna Choudhary Radha Singh Radhakant Mishra Raghunandan Jha Rahi Raghuvansh Jh…
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अंगिका – कवि और लेखक (Angika – Poets & Authors) – K-O

List of Poets & Authors of Angika in alphabetical Order (K-O) Kailash Jha ‘Kinkar’ Kaiyum Ansari Kaladhari Kalanand Jha Kalyani Kamalkishore Sah ‘Eklavya’ Kamdeo Jha Kamdeo Mishra Kamesh Karun Kamla Prasad Bekhabar Kamla Prasad Upadhyaya ‘Vinod’ Kamleshwari Prasad Singh Toofan Kamleshwari Prasad Tiwari Kanaklal Choudhary ‘Kandika’ Kanhaiya Lal Choudhary Kapildeo Thakur Kripala Kapileshwar Kapil Kartiknath Gourinath Thakur Kavita Parvana Kedar Prasad Singh ‘Taruni’ Keshav Khagendra Thakur Khushilal Manjar Changeri Kishor Kumar Raj Kishore Kumar Singh Kanchan Kishori Kumari Pandey Kislay Komal Krishna Mohan Mishra Krishna Singh Krit Narayan Pyara Krityanand Singh Kumar Bhagalpuri Kumar Vimal Kumari Mrinalini Choudhary Kunal Priyadarshi Kundan Amitabh Kunj Bharti Kusumakar Dubey Lakhan Lal Singh ‘Arohi’ Lakhan Lal Singh Lal Lala Jagat Jyoti Prasad Lalbaboo Singh Laxman Prasad Belhariya Laxman Singh Chouhan Lax…
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अंगिका – कवि और लेखक (Angika – Poets & Authors) – F-J

List of Poets & Authors of Angika in Alphabetical Order (F-J) Gadadhar Prasad Ambashatha Ganesh Kusum Ganesh Prasad Ghayal Ganesh Upkari Ganga Prasad Rao Giridhar Gopal Pathak Girish Giridhar Shashtri Bhramar Girija Shankar Modi Gokulananda Pandey Gopal Chandra Ghosh Gopal Krishna "Pragya" Gopal Mishra Gorelal Manishi Gourang Prasad Sevak Gouri Rani Gouri Shankar Tiwari Guresh Mohan Ghosh Saral Gyanam Bhardwaj Gyandev Pandey Haldar Choudhary "Deen" Hans Kumar Tiwari Harihar Choudhary Vikal Harinarayan Singh Heera Prasad "Harendra" Hiralal Jha Hem Indramohan Thakur Indubala Indubala Suman Indubhushan Mishra "Devendu" Indushekhar Pandey Iraa Smriti Jagdish Mishra Jagdish Pathak Madhukar Jagdish Shashtri Kaviraj Jagdishnarayan Verma Jagganath Prasad Chaturvedi Jaiprakash Mahto Janardan Janardan Roy Janardan Yadav Janmejya Mishra Jayant Choudhary Jayant Kumar Sinha Jaynarayan Bechara Jaypraka…
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अंगिका – कवि और लेखक (Angika – Poets & Authors) – A-E

List of Poets & Authors of Angika in alphabetical Order (A-E) Aabha Purve Abdush Shakoor Ansari Abhay Kumar Bharti Abhay Singh Abhaykant Choudhary Acchutanand Choudhary’Lal’ Achal Bharti Achutanand Jha Anand Aditya Prakash Singh Agyani Ajablal Jhanvi Ajay Kumar Bharti Ajay Kumar Suman Akela Aniruddh Akshay Kumar Saha ‘Akshayshree’ Akshaykant Mishra Amar Kumar Singh Ambika Prasad Sharma Amit Kumar Das Amod Kumar Mishra Amrendra Anand Shankar Madhvan Anandi Prasad Badal Anandi Prasad Thakur Anandmurti Pandey Anil Dwedi Tapan Anil Jharkhandi Anil Kumar Mandal ’Bekar’ Anil Kumar Mishra Anil Shankar Jha Anilchandra Thakur Aniruddh Prabhas Aniruddha Narayan Pathak Aniruddha Prasad Vimal Aniruddha Sinha Anjali Mishra Anjani Kumar Vishal Anjani Sharma’Anjani’ Anshumala Jha ‘Ansh’ Anuplal Mandal Aparna Mishra Aparna Singh Ardhendu Shekhar Pandey Arun Kumar Mishra Arundhati Pandey Arunendra Bharti Arvind Kumar Bharti …
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अंगिका – कवि और लेखक (Angika – Poets & Authors) – Post independence

Post independence Poets & Authors of Angika Total number of such writers in Angika are around 600. Name of such devoted persons are listed here alphabetically. They have created hundreds of books and thousands of articles,details of which shall be available on this site very shortly. List of Poets & Authors of Angika Poets & Authors (A-E) Poets & Writers List (F-J) Poets & Writers List (K-O) Poets & Writers (P-T) Poets & Writers (U-Z)
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अंगिका – कवि और लेखक (Angika – Poets & Authors) – Ancient Period

Ancient Period to Pre-independence era Authors and Poets of Angika Period 800 A.D. : Saraha or Sarahpa,Shabrapa or Shabreshwar. Period 900 A.D. : Charptipa or Pachreepa,Dhampa or Dhrmpa or Gundripa, Mekopa. Period 1000 A.D. : Deepankar Shrigyan Atish (Birth year:980AD) Period 1100 A.D. : Champkapa, Chelukapa, Jayanantpa(Jayanandipa), Nirgunpa, Luchikapa. Period 1200 A.D. : Putulipa. Period 1700 A.D. : Kifayat (Shekh). Period 1800 A.D. : Jagganath(Jagarnath Ram), Vedanand Singh.
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अंगिका – कवि और लेखक (Angika – Poets & Authors) – Overview

Angika Literature today means literature produced by Poets and Authors of Angika language begining in the ancient past to what is written today. The rich tradition of Angika literature spans a probable minimum period of about 1300years(When it is counted from 800A.D. when first clear evidence of availability of Sarah's written form of literature in Angika or Apbramsha is found)to a probable maximum period of 4000years (When it is counted from the year when the first Indian literature in Vedic Sanskrit was found to be existed).This period may be longer than the supposed one. Authors and Poets of Angika may be categorised mainly in two groups: (a) Ancient Period to Preindependence era (b) Post independence era
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अंगिका साहित्य – प्राचीन साहित्य (Angika Sahitya – Prachin Sahitya)

Kavi Saraha was the first poet of Angika, whose poetry are available in written form. Poems were written by him in 800 A.D. Sarah's famous "Doha Kosha" was written in Angika Language. He Wrote 36 books in Angika. Sarah is also considered as the first poet of Hindi language whose poetry is available in written forms (this fact is not proved yet).
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अंगिका साहित्य – वर्तमान परिदृश्य (Angika Sahitya – Present Scenario)

Presently hundreds of standard books and thousands of articles are available in Angika language. Ang Madhuri, a monthly magazine of Angika language is being published by Dr. Naresh Pandey Chakore regularly for the last 39 years. Angika is being taught in Tilkamanjhi University of Bihar state at Graduation and Post Graduation Levels.
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भागलपुर (Bhagalpur – The Silk City)

Introduction

Bhagalpur (STD Code: 0641), a town of historical importance in the state of Bihar in the eastern part of India is situated on the southern bank of the Ganga river. Situated 220 KM east of state capital Patna and 410 KM north west of Calcutta.  25.07°N - 25.30°N latitude and between 86.37°E - 87.30°E longitude. 

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अंगिका भाषा (Angika – The Language of Anga)

Angika (अंगिका) is a language spoken in Eastern Part of Bihar, Santhal Praganas of Jharkhand and Maldah District of West Bengal. Angika is an Indo-Aryan of the Anga region of India, a 58,000 km2 area approx. that falls within the states of Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal. Angika is spoken in most of the Metros of India like Mumbai, Delhi, Calcutta, and Bangalore, most of the industrial cities of India like Durgapur, Vadodara, Surat, Patna, Ranchi, Jamshedpur, Bokaro and other parts of the country. Besides India, Angika is also spoken in Terai region of Nepal, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, Malaysia, and other Southeast Asian countries.  A sizable Angika speaking population migrated in other countries such as the Gulf, United States and the United Kingdom. Angika is spoken by more than 30 million of the Indian population ((As per 2001 Census and as per the statement given in Indian Parliament by Shri Subodh Roy Member of Parliament of India which is available in PARLIAMENTRY PROCE…
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अंग देश का इतिहास – नया राज्य (History of Ang Desh – The New State)

Throughout history, India has absorbed and modified to suit its needs, the best from all the civilizations with which it has come into contact. Once again the fledgling nation demonstrated the maturity and wisdom of its ancient traditions, and the truth of its claim that it was opposed, not to the people or the civilization of Britain and the West, only to its imperial domination. India chose to remain within the British Commonwealth of Nations. It also adopted the British system of Parliamentary Democracy, and retained the judicial, administrative, defence and educational structures and institutions set up by the British. India is today the largest and most populous democracy on earth, with universal adult suffrage.

The Indian Constitution, adopted when India became a Republic on January 26, 1950, safeguards all its people from all forms of discrimination on grounds of race, religion, creed or sex. It guarantees freedom of speech, expression an…
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अंग देश का इतिहास – स्वतंत्रता के लिए संघर्ष (History of Ang Desh – The Struggle for Independence)

The First War of Independence A century of accumulated grievances erupted in the Indian mutiny of sepoys in the British army, in 1857. This was the signal for a spontaneous conflagration, in which the princely rulers, landed aristocracy and peasantry rallied against the British around the person of the last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah. The uprising, however, was eventually brutally suppressed. By the end of 1859, the "emperor" had been deported to Burma where he died a lonely death, bringing to a formal end the era of Mughal rule in India. The Mutiny, even in its failure, produced many heroes and heroines of epic character. Above all, it produced a sense of unity between the Hindus and the Muslims of India that was to be witnessed in later years. The rebellion also saw the end of the East India Company's rule in India. Power was transferred to the British Crown in 1858 by an Act of British Parliament. The Crown's viceroy in India was to be the chief executive. The Freedom …
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अंग देश का इतिहास – यूरोपियों का आना (History of Ang Desh – Coming of the Europeans)

The next arrival of overwhelming political importance was that of the Europeans. The great seafarers of north-west Europe, the British, French, Dutch and Portuguese, arrived early in the seventeenth century and established trading outposts along the coasts. The spices of Malabar (in Kerala) had attracted the Portuguese as early as the end of the 15th century when, in 1498, Vasco da Gama had landed at Calicut, sailing via the Cape of Good Hope. Early in the 16th Century, the Portuguese had already established their colony in Goa; but their territorial and commercial hold in India remained rather limited. During the late 16th and 17th century they remained unrivaled as pirates on the high seas; but inland the other European companies were making their presence felt, though entirely in commercial terms. The Years of 'The Raj' The newcomers soon developed rivalries among themselves and allied with local rulers to consolidate their positions against each other militarily. In time …
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अंग देश का इतिहास – मुस्लिम आक्रमण (History of Ang Desh – The Muslim Invasions)

The Delhi Sultanate An event of immense and lasting impact in Indian history was the advent of the Muslims in the north-west. Lured by tales of the fertile plains of the Punjab and the fabulous wealth of Hindu temples, Mahmud of Ghazni first attacked India in 1000 AD. Other raiders from Central Asia followed him, but these invasions were no more than banditry. It was only in 1192 that Muslim power arrived in India on a permanent basis. In that year, Mohammed of Ghori, who had been expanding his power all across the Punjab broke into India and took Ajmer. The following year his general Qutb-ud-din Aibak took Varanasi and Delhi and after Mohammed Ghori's death in 1206, he became the first of the Sultans of Delhi. Qutb-ud-din Aibak founded the so called Slave Dynasty in India at Delhi, setting up the nucleus of the Delhi Sultanate, or the rule of Turkish and Afghan sultans, the Khiljis, the Tughlaqs and the Lodis. Impact of Islam The impact of Islam on Indian culture has been i…
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अंग देश का इतिहास – गुप्त युग (History of Ang Desh – The Gupta Age)

The greatest empire in the fourth century AD was the Gupta Empire, which ushered in the golden age of Indian history. This empire lasted for more than two centuries. It covered a large part of the Indian subcontinent, but its administration was more decentralized than that of the Mauryas. Alternately waging war and entering into matrimonial alliances with the smaller kingdoms in its neighbourhood, the empire's boundaries kept fluctuating with each ruler. The Gupta rulers patronized the Hindu religious tradition and orthodox Hinduism reasserted itself in this era. However, this period also saw the peaceful coexistence of Brahmins and Buddhists and visits by Chinese travellers like Fa Hien. The exquisite Ajanta and Ellora caves were created in this period. This era saw the emergence of the classical art forms and development of various aspects of Indian culture and civilization. Erudite treatises were written on a multiplicity of subjects ranging from grammar, mathematics, as…
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अंग देश का इतिहास – मौर्य साम्राज्य (History of Ang Desh – The Mauryan Empire)

By the end of the third century BC, most of North India was knit together in the first great Indian empire by Chandragupta Maurya. His son Bindusara extended the Mauryan Empire over virtually the entire subcontinent, giving rise to an imperial vision that was to dominate successive centuries of political aspirations. The greatest Mauryan emperor was Ashoka the Great (286-231 BC) whose successful campaigns culminated in the annexation of Kalinga (modern Orissa). Overcome by the horrors of war, he was probably the first victorious ruler to renounce war on the battlefield. Ashoka converted to Buddhism, but did not impose his faith on his subjects. Instead, he tried to convert them through edicts inscribed on rock in the local dialects, using the earliest known post-Harappan script known as Brahmi. The Mauryan economy was essentially agrarian. The State owned huge farms and these were cultivated by slaves and farm laborers. Taxes collected on land, trade and manufacture of handicra…
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अंग देश का इतिहास – धर्मों का उदय और राज्य का उदय (History of Ang Desh – Rise of Religions and Emerg)ence of the State

Buddhism and Jainism The sixth century BC was a time of social and intellectual ferment in India. It was then that Mahavira founded the Jain religion, and Gautam Buddha attained enlightenment. The two great religions, Jainism and Buddhism, preached non-violence to all living creatures, tolerance and self-discipline, values that have become the cornerstones of the Indian ethos. The teachings of these faiths won immediate popular acceptance owing to their simplicity and practicality; the sermons of both were preached in commonly spoken languages. Later, Buddhist monks were to spread their religion south to Sri Lanka and north-east to China, Japan, Korea and the whole of South-east Asia, where it is practiced till today. Rise of the State With land becoming property and the society being divided on the basis of occupations and castes, conflicts and disorders were bound to arise. Organized power to resolve these issues therefore emerged, gradually leading to formation of full-fl…
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