It is the ruined fort in Purnia’s Kishanganj Sub Division. situated 8 km to the south of Bahadurganj Police Station in the Kishanganj Subdivision.
Regarding its name, there is a legend that it was built by Barijan, a brother of Benu, Raja of Benugarh.
The local myth is that it had been built by the then Raja of Benugarh for his brother Barijan so was it named Barijangarh.
Inside the enclosure may be traced a tank called Dak Pokhar about which various absurd stories are told.
It is historically proven that the study area, much before the advent of the Aryans, was governed by the non-Aryan clans like the Asuras. In this regard, we have many references of the tribe who administered this region much before the advent of the Aryan culture. The traces of the sway of the Asura tribes can be found in the present Asuragarh, Barijangarh, Benugarh, Sikligarh, Bangarh and many places of North Bengal.
Parts of walls and establishments bear witness to the way that forts once existed, however its history is in nebulosity. Rocks and bits of columns with figures and engravings are to be seen lying about the locales. The story locally current with regards to the starting point of the stronghold is that there were five siblings, Benu, Barijan, Asura, Nanha and Kanha, who each constructed a garh or rampart, and named it after himself.
The area got recognition from the Pala period sun statue located in Badijan of Kochadhaman block of Kishanganj district.
During the excavation of the Department of Exploration and Excavation in the seventies, ancient coins were also found along with other remains including the statue of the Sun God, the boulder of the main entrance of the temple. In the year 2002-03, the team of Archaeological Department, Delhi, in the presence of the then DM K Senthil Kumar, had declared this area as a safe area after site investigation and physical inspection of the statues. At present, devotees come daily from faraway Nepal, Bengal and offer prayers.
This idol of Suryadev riding on seven horses of Pala period 9th century is in two parts. The statue is made of basalt stone. Usha and Pratyasha and Anucharadand and Pangal stand on either side of the statue. The idol of Surya, wearing a garland of beads and a chandrahar around his neck, is adorned with ornaments. The height of the statue is 5 feet 6 inches and width is 2 feet 11 inches. According to historians, the village of Badijan has 11 hundred years old tales inside it.