Begusarai city is a municipal corporation and a grain market in Begusarai district in the state of Bihar, India. Begusarai district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar and Begusarai town is the administrative headquarters of this district.
The district lies on the northern bank of the Ganga River. It is located at latitudes 25.15N & 25.45N and longitudes 85.45E & 86.36E. Begusarai is the birthplace of famous Hindi poet Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh and eminent historian Professor Ram Saran Sharma. Begusarai had traditionally been a communist stronghold and was earlier also referred to as the Leningrad of Bihar
The name of the district apparently comes from “Begum” (queen) and “Sarai” (inn). The Begum of Bhagalpur used to visit “Simaria Ghat” (holy place on the banks of the Ganges) for a month of pilgrimage, which later took to the slang of Begusarai.
Begusarai was established in 1870 as a subdivision of Munger District. In 1972, it was given district status after a strong pressure on the government by Late Rai Saheb Bhubneshwari Sahai, a charismatic leader of the local community who was also the first person in the district to be awarded the prestigious title of Rai Saheb under the British Raj.
Begusarai is located at 25.42°N 86.13°E. It has an average elevation of 41 metres (134 feet). It has an area of 1879 square.
Being part of the Gangetic plains of the Indian subcontinent, the district experiences three climatic seasons – the summer season from March to mid June, the monsoon season from mid June to October and the winter season from November to February. The month of February & March fall in the transitional season from winter to summer described as Spring or “Basant”. Similarly the months of September & October falls in the transitional season from the monsoon season to the winter season and described as “Shishir”.
As per 2011 census Begusarai Municipal Corporation had a total population of 251,136, out of which 133,931 were males and 117,205 were females. It had a sex ratio of 875. The population below 5 years was 37,966. The literacy rate of the 7+ population was 69.35 per cent.
Kabar Lake bird sanctuary
Kabar Lake or Kabar Taal or Kanwar Taal at Begusarai is a ” dream spot”. It is Asia’s largest freshwater oxbow lake. It is approximately three times the size of the Bharatpur Sanctuary. The lake is home to 106 species of resident birds and around 60 migratory birds coming all the way from Central Asia during winter months. Ornithologist Salim Ali, mentioned about 60 migratory birds that come all the way from Central Asia in winter and recorded around 106 species of resident birds. Location : 20 kms from Begusarai town Best Time to Visit : October and June Speciality : Resident Birds and Migratory Birds Nearest Bus stop :Jaimanglagadh
Rajendra Setu (also known as Rajendra Pul and Mokama Bridge) across the Ganges was the first bridge to link North Bihar and South Bihar.The road-cum-rail bridge near Mokama in Patna district was inaugurated by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, President of India. It is about 2 kilometres long and carries a two lane road and a double line railway track.It was opened in 1959.
Barauni Refinery was built in collaboration with Russia and Romania. Situated 125 kilometeres from Patna, it was built with an initial cost of Rs 49.40 crore. Barauni Refinery was commissioned in 1964.
Jai Mangla Garh
Ancient Temple belonging to Pala dynasty period, sacred place of surrounding villages, archeological findings suggest was fortified place surrounded by moat -Raman.
HOW TO GET THERE Begusarai is easily approachable with important road, rail, and ferry connections. Nearest Railway Station: Begusarai Station Nearest Airport: Patna Airport (Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport)
Begusarai Facts & Information
Latitude 25.42°N Longitude 86.13°E.
STD Code 06342
Temperature (deg C) Summer – Max, Min Winter – Max , Min
Best Season October to February
Area 1,918 sq. Kilometers
Population 251,136 (2011)
Sub-division Begusarai, Teghra, Balia, Majhaul
Major Rivers Ganga,Kamla
Major Crops Wheat, Rice, Maize, Gram,Potato, Sugarcane, Chilli
Major Industries Fertilizer factory, Therma power station, Petro-Chemicals at Barauni
Languages Angika, Hindi, English
Information Centre Tourist Information Centre Government of Bihar