Important Government Website Links
Deoghar Head Post Office
Deoghar Municipal Corporation
Deoghar Town (STD CODE: 06432)
Deoghar (Devagriha), or the abode of the Gods, is the headquarters of the Sub- division of the same name in the district of Santhal Parganas, the north-eastern side of Bihar (now Jharkhand), this township is very close to the Bengal border. It is located four miles to the south-east of Jasidih Junction on the main line of the Eastern Railway from Howrah to Delhi. There is a small branch line of the same railway from Jasidih to Deoghar. Deoghar is an ancient town famous for its group of 22 temples dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva.
It is also called BaijnathDham or BabaDham. It has the ancient temple of Baba Baidyanath (Shiva).This ancient temple was built by Lord Viswakarma.This is the 9 th Jyotirling out of 12 in India. There is a Kamna Ling in the temple, on which holy JAL (water) is offered throughout the year especially on the every Monday of the week. In Shrawan month, lakhs of devotees come on foot from all over india to offer the holly water of river Ganga (Sultangaj about 100 km. far from BaijnathDham).
According to legend, with the blessings of Brahma Lanka King Ravana had been all-powerful and was carrying away Shiva from Kailash to install him at Lanka. As Shiva was reluctant to go to Lanka, the water god Varuna confused Ravana with tricks, as a result distracted Ravana broke his vow and brought Shiva down from his shoulder at Deoghar. It is said that the self-born god had stayed back since then.
Deoghar has a picturesque location. To the north of -the town there is a wood called Data Jungle after a fakir; to the north-west is a low wooded hill called Nandan Pahar; and to the east about 10 miles away there is a low range of hills known as Tiur or Trikutaparvata. Pilgrims and tourists come from all over India to Deoghar. Health seekers also crowd Deoghar.
There are a number of small hills to the south-east, south and south-west. There are two rivulets Yamunajor and Dharua near the town. The countryside around Deoghar has an attractive set-up with undulations, water courses and small hills.
The climate is dry and congenial and Deoghar is still considered a health resort in spite of the great congestion particularly due to the, temple of Baidyanath and the location of the criminal and civil courts and a. very large number of Government establishments.
As a matter of fact, Deoghar is a far bigger and more important town than Dumka, the district headquarters. Deoghar or Devagriha has a large number of temples within the circumference of a few miles. The temple of Baidyanath or Shiva is the most important of all the temples and attracts a large number of pilgrims all the year round.
There are three important fairs, namely, Shri Panchmi mela held in January, Shivaratri mela held in March and the Bhadra Purnima mela held in September. Shivaratri mela is attended by about one- lakh visitors in the course of afortnight. A number of lodging houses is available for pilgrims. The Pandas or the priests have also a large number of rented houses of their own where the pilgrims stay usually for one day.
In the 8th century A.D., the last Gupta Emperor Adityasena Gupta ruled this region. The Babadham temple has been famous since then.
When Mugals began to rule India, the temple of Babadham was under their tributory rulers. The most important literary source on the history of medieval Babadham is Aine – Akbari. During Akbar’s rule Man Singh was associated with Akbar’s court. Man Singh remained attached to the Gidhaur dynasty for a long time and had contacts with a number of rulers of Bihar. Man Singh’s brother, Bhan Singh was married to daughter of Puran Mal.
Man Singh’s interest in Babadham seems to have been determined by his love for this holy shrine because he then got a tank excavated, which is today known as Mansarovar.
The Muslim invader Bhaktiyar Khilji made Deoghar his capital in 1201 after the conquest of Bihar. The present district of Deoghar was a part of three kingly estates during English period
namely Chandel Raj Pariwar Giddhor, Laxmipur Ghatwal and Rohni Ghatwal.
The temple is situated in a spacious courtyard bound by stone walls. In the temple complex are twenty-two other temples. The Baijnath or Vaidyanath temple faces east. The top of the Shiva Lingam is slightly broken, keeping with the legend that it chipped away when Ravana tried to uproot it. For centuries, devotees of Lord Shiva, in the months of July – August undertake a rigorous100 km. pilgrimage on foot, from Ajgaibinath to offer holy water to Baba Baidyanath.
Near the temple, is the beautiful lake called Sivaganga.
HOW TO GET THERE
The railway station at Deoghar is called Baidyanath Dham. Deogarh stands on an all-weather road connecting Calcutta with Delhi. Passenger buses run regularly from Bhagalpur, Dumka., Patna, Gaya, Monghyr, and other places in Bihar to Deogarh. Taxis and tangas are available at Deoghar. Tangas are available at Jaisidih railway station but not taxis.
Ranchi-385 kms, Patna 270 kms
The nearest Railway Station is Baidyanath Dham (Deoghar) which is a terminal station of a 7 kms branch line orignating from Jasidih Jn. on Hawrah-Patna rail line of Eastern Railway
By road Baidyanath Dham (Deoghar) to Calcutta 373 kms, Giridih 112 kms, Patna 281 kms, Dumka 67 kms, Madhupur 57 kms, Shimultala 53 kms, Bhagalpur 80 kms.etc.
Long distance buses connect Baidyanath Dham with Bhagalpur, Hazaribagh, Ranchi, Tatanagar, Gaya etc.
Un-metered Taxis, Scooters, Cycle Rickshaws are available.
Bihar State Handloom Emporium; Santhal Parganas Gramodyog Samittee;
Santhal Parganas Khadi Gramodyog Bhavan.
Yoga Institution :
Balanand Ashram Yogashala, Karnibagh.
Department of Tourism, Government of Bihar operates local
sight-seeing tour to Tapavan, Naulakha etc. during season.
Timing : From 1400 hours to 1600 hours.
VAIDYANATH VIHAR: Tourist Bunglow phone: 222422
NATRAJ VIHAR: Tourist Bunglow phone 222422
YASHODA INTERNATIONAL: 221429
HOTEL TELAX: 224970
HOTEL JYOTI: 222037
HOTEL MAYUR: 225296
Latitude 03 – 24.38 N
Longitude 86.28 – 87.4 E
STD Code 06432
Temperature (deg C)
Summer – Max 36.9, Min 23
Winter – Max 27.7, Min 7.4
August to February
952 square miles
Wheat, Rice, Maize, Gram,Potato, Sugarcane,
Khandsari & Gur,Handloom, Papad, Soap, Pickles.
Angika, Hindi, English
Tourist Information Centre Government of Bihar
Tele : 208